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Appendix A: Six Dimensions of Wellness

The emotional dimension emphasizes an awareness and acceptance of one's feelings. Emotional wellness includes the degree to which one feels positive and enthusiastic about oneself and life. It includes the capacity to manage one's feelings and related behaviours, including the realistic assessment of one's limitations, development of autonomy, and ability to cope effectively with stress. The emotionally well person maintains satisfying relationships with others.

The intellectual dimension encourages creative and stimulation mental activities. An intellectually well person uses the resources available to expand one's knowledge in improved skills, along with expanding potential for sharing with others. An intellectually well person uses the intellectual and cultural activities and beyond the classroom, combined with the human and learning resources available within the university and the larger community.

The occupational dimension is involved in preparing for work in which one will gain personal satisfaction and find enrichment in one's life through work. Occupational development is directly related to one's attitude about one's work.

The spiritual dimension involves seeking meaning and purpose in human existence. It includes the development of a deep appreciation for the depth and expanse of life and natural forces that exist in the universe.

The physical dimension encourages cardiovascular flexibility and strength as well as regular physical activity. Physical development encourages knowledge about food and nutrition and discourages the use of tobacco, drugs, and excessive alcohol consumption. It encourages involvement in activities that contribute to high-level wellness, including medical self-care and appropriate use of the medical system.

The social dimension encourages contributing to one's human and physical environment for the common welfare of one's community. It emphasizes the interdependence with others and nature. It includes the pursuit of harmony in one's family.

Bill Hetler
National Wellness Association